There are many people in this world who deal with the disease known as Diabetes. A lot of us don’t really know what diabetes is, causes or symptoms.
Diabetes is a disease that affects your body’s ability to produce or use insulin.
Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas by islets of Langerhans that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood. The lack of insulin causes a form of diabetes. When your body turns the food you eat into energy(sugar or glucose), insulin is released to help transport this energy to the cells. If you produce little or no insulin, or are insulin resistant, too much sugar remains in your blood. The blood glucose levels are higher than normal for individuals with diabetes. There are two(2) main types of diabetes; Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is when your pancreas does not produce insulin. This is also called Juvenile diabetes , since it is often diagnosed in children or teens.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 is when the body does not produce enough insulin, or when the cells are unable to use insulin properly, which is called insulin resistance. This type is typically called “adult onset diabetes” since it is diagnosed later in life.
What Causes Diabetes ?
Generally this is unknown . But it is discovered that Genetics play a big role, diet, obesity and lack of exercise play a role in developing diabetes, especially Type 2 diabetes.
How Does Diabetes Affect My Body ?
It is known that over time, high sugar levels also called hyperglycemia can lead to kidney disease, heart disease and blindness. The excess sugar in the bloodstream can damage the tiny blood vessels in your eyes and kidneys, and can harden or narrow your arteries. Diabetes also affects the circulation in your feet.
What Are The Main Symptoms Of Diabetes ?
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent urination
- Blurry vision
- Extreme hunger
- Increased fatigue or tiredness
- Unusual or rapid weight loss
How To find Out If You Have Diabetes
Generally you should see your physician for a blood sugar level test.
The most common test is a fasting blood glucose test. The normal non diabetic range for blood glucose should be between 70 to 110 mg/dl. If your level is over 140 mg/dl, you may have diabetes.
What Is A1c Levels ?
Basically the technical term is called HbA1c.
Hemoglobin is the oxygen-carrying pigment that gives blood its red color and also the predominant protein in red blood cells. About 90% of hemoglobin is hemoglobin A. The “A” stands for adult type. Hemoglobin A1c(HbA1c) is a minor component of hemoglobin to which glucose is bound also referred to as glycosylated or glycosylated hemoglobin
- An A1c level of less than 5.0% means a 48% lower risk of diabetes and about the same risk of heart disease.
- An A1c level of 5.5% to 6.0% means an 86% higher risk of diabetes and 23% higher risk of heart disease.
and the numbers go up.
Again A1c stands for glycated hemoglobin. The A1c percentage measures how much sugar is attached to the bloods hemoglobin protein. This shows how well your body has controlled the amount of sugar is in the blood over the past 2-3 months
Part 2 Coming soon! How to lower your? A1c level